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From photons to atoms


D. Funaro, From Photons to Atoms – The Electromagnetic Nature of Matter (2012), arXiv:1206.3110v1

Motivated by a revision of the classical equations of electromagnetism that allow for the inclusion of solitary waves in the solution space, the material collected in these notes examines the consequences of adopting the modified model in the description of atomic structures. The possibility of handling “photons” in a deterministic way opens indeed a chance for reviewing the foundations of quantum physics. Atoms and molecules are described as aggregations of nuclei and electrons joined through organized photon layers resonating at various frequencies, explaining how matter can absorb or emit light quanta. Some established viewpoints are subverted, offering an alternative scenario. The analysis seeks to provide an answer to many technical problems in physical chemistry and, at the same time, to raise epistemological questions.


 1- The world of photons

  •  Why improving the theory of electromagnetism?
  • Photon’s structure
  • A closer look at the model
  • Connections with special relativity
  • The geometry of space-time
  • The geometry of a single photon
  • Constrained waves
  • Vortex rings

2- The subatomic environment

  • Electrons
  • Surface tension
  • Protons
  • Nuclei
  • Mass and Gravitation
  • Antimatter

3 -The constituents of matter

  • The hydrogen atom
  • Organization of the photon shells
  • The structure of matter
  • In and around matter
  • Quantum properties of matter
  • More on quantum properties of matter
  • Implications on biological systems
  • The birth of an idea

4- Appendices